What is Spinal Decompression?

Spinal Insight

In this article, we shall explain what spinal decompression is and how it can help people with scoliosis, disc bulges, disc herniations, radiating pain, and sciatica. It is important for people that have spinal issues, learn how to cope with spinal decompression and neck pain.

  • Herniated or bulging discs
  • Sciatica
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Facet syndrome
  • Post-surgical back pain
  • Hypomobility (stiffness)
  • Numbness, tingling, pins, and needles into arms, hands, fingers, legs, and feet

Chronic back pain can originate from a range of ailments. Regardless of the cause, long-term pain can have a negative effect on your entire system. In many cases, intense, chronic back pain can limit a person’s ability to perform average, daily activities.

Spinal decompression therapy has been used for many years as an effective, non-invasive way to treat many forms of back pain. Non-surgical spinal decompressions can be very effective in treating:

  • Below the knee leg symptoms
  • Nerve root compression issues
  • Lower lumbar pressure reduction
  • Spinal column disc detraction
  • And several other symptoms


A highly trained and licensed therapist may gently stretch your spine to change its positioning and reduce the pressure on the discs in the spinal column. Specialized tables are utilized that allow specific adjustments to be made according to the body’s needs and particular conditions. By gently separating the bones in the lower part of the back safely and effectively, the therapist relieves pressure on the disc fibers, resulting in pain reduction. As the inflamed roots begin to heal over several treatments, this therapy can potentially provide a permanent remedy for many common chronic back pain stressors.

Though stretching the spine could seem medieval or painful for the uninitiated, the process is pain-free and often provides patients with immediate relief from pain and tension. Along with the traction therapy, physiotherapists can formulate an easy-to-follow home exercise regimen to decrease stress on the treatment area(s).

Lady on mat stretching spine

Spinal Abnormalities

Congenital torticollis is head tilt present at birth. The most common cause is traumatic neck injury during delivery, with hematoma, fibrosis, and contracture of the sternocleidomastoid. Torticollis is not present at birth; it appears in the first few days or weeks of life, and a contender mass Is noted in the SCM, usually in the midsegment. 

Vertebral defects include congenital scoliosis, which is rare, and isolated vertebral defects such as hemi-wedge, or butterfly vertebrae, which are common. Vertebral defects should be suspected when posterior midline cutaneous abnormalities or congenital anomalies of the lower extremities exist. Since growth can lead to serious deformity, treatment with braces or body jackets should begin early. Surgery may be needed if the curvature progresses.